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Verily, The Good Deeds Remove the Evil Deeds March 18, 2008

Posted by ibn1brahim in 011. Surah Hud, Islam, Qur'an, Suwar, Tafsir.
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﴿وَأَقِمِ الصَّلَوةَ طَرَفَىِ النَّهَارِ وَزُلَفاً مِّنَ الَّيْلِ إِنَّ الْحَسَنَـتِ يُذْهِبْنَ السَّـيِّئَـتِ ذلِكَ ذِكْرَى لِلذَكِرِينَ – وَاصْبِرْ فَإِنَّ اللَّهَ لاَ يُضِيعُ أَجْرَ الْمُحْسِنِينَ ﴾

And perform the Salah, at the two ends of the day and in some hours of the night. Verily, the good deeds remove the evil deeds. That is a reminder for the mindful. And be patient; verily, Allah wastes not the reward of the doers of good.

[Qur’an 11:114]

﴿إِنَّ الْحَسَنَـتِ يُذْهِبْنَ السَّـيِّئَـتِ﴾

“Verily, the good deeds remove the evil deeds.” This is saying that the performance of good deeds is an expiation of previous sins.

This has been mentioned in a Hadith recorded by Imam Ahmad and the Sunan Compilers, that the Commander of the faithful, `Ali bin Abi Talib, said,

“Whenever I used to hear a narration from the Messenger of Allah (pbuh), Allah would cause me to benefit by it however He willed. If anyone informed me of any statement that he said, I would make him swear (by Allah) that the Prophet (pbuh) said it. If he swore by Allah, then I would believe him. Abu Bakr once told me — and Abu Bakr was truthful — that he heard the Messenger of Allah (pbuh) say,

«مَا مِنْ مُسْلِمٍ يُذْنِبُ ذَنْبًا فَيَتَوَضَّأُ وَيُصَلِّي رَكْعَتَيْنِ إِلَّا غُفِرَ لَه»

“There is not any Muslim who commits a sin, then he makes Wudu’ and prays two units of prayer, except that he will be forgiven (that sin).”

In the Two Sahihs it is recorded that the Commander of the faithful, `Uthman bin `Affan made Wudu’ for the people (to see), just like the Wudu’ of the Messenger of Allah (pbuh). Then he said, “I saw the Messenger of Allah (pbuh) make Wudu’ like this, and he said,

«مَنْ تَوَضَّأَ وُضُوئِي هَذَا ثُمَّ صَلَّى رَكْعَتَيْنِ لَا يُحَدِّثُ فِيهِمَا نَفْسَهُ غُفِرَ لَهُ مَا تَقَدَّم مِنْ ذَنْبِه»

“Whoever makes Wudu’ like this Wudu’ of mine, then he prays two units of prayer in which he does not speak to himself, he will be forgiven for his previous sins.”

In the Sahih it is recorded that Abu Hurayrah said that the Messenger of Allah (pbuh) said,

«أَرَأَيْتُمْ لَوْ أَنَّ بِبَابِ أَحَدِكُمْ نَهْرًا غَمْرًا، يَغْتَسِلُ فِيهِ كُلَّ يَوْمٍ خَمْسَ مَرَّاتٍ، هَلْ يُبْقِي مِنْ دَرَنِهِ شَيْئًا؟»

“Do you think that if there was a flowing river at the door of anyone of you and he bathed in it five times every day, would there be any dirt left on him?”

They said, “No, O Messenger of Allah!” He (pbuh) said;

«كَذَلِكَ الصَّلَوَاتُ الْخَمْسُ يَمْحُو اللهُ بِهِنَّ الذُّنُوبَ وَالْخَطَايَا»

“This is like the five daily prayers, for Allah uses them to wipe away the sins and wrongdoings.”

Muslim recorded in his Sahih that Abu Hurayrah said that the Messenger of Allah (pbuh) used to say,

«الصَّلَوَاتُ الْخَمْسُ، وَالْجُمُعَةُ إِلَى الْجُمُعَةِ، وَرَمَضَانُ إِلَى رَمَضَانَ، مُكَفِّرَاتٌ لِمَا بَيْنَهُنَّ مَا اجْتُنِبَتِ الْكَبَائِر»

“The five daily prayers, Jumu`ah (Friday prayer) to Jumu`ah and (the fast of) Ramadan to Ramadan are expiations for whatever sins were committed between them, as long as you stay away from the major sins.”

Al-Bukhari recorded Ibn Mas`ud saying that a man kissed a woman (who was not his relative or wife). He then came to the Prophet (pbuh) and informed him about the incident. Thus, Allah revealed,

﴿وَأَقِمِ الصَّلَوةَ طَرَفَىِ النَّهَارِ وَزُلَفاً مِّنَ الَّيْلِ إِنَّ الْحَسَنَـتِ يُذْهِبْنَ السَّـيِّئَـتِ﴾

“And perform Salah, at the two ends of the day and in some hours of the night. Verily, the good deeds remove the evil deeds.” [Qur’an 11:114]

The man then said, “O Messenger of Allah (pbuh), is this only for me” The Prophet (pbuh) replied,

«لِجَمِيعِ أُمَّتِي كُلِّهِم»

This is for all of my (Ummah) followers.

Al-Bukhari recorded this narration in the Book of Prayer as well and the Book of Tafsir.

Source: Tafsir ibn Kathir

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